Monitoring wildlife crossing the fence between Etosha and the surrounding human landscape
As the global human population increases, the competition for space and resources results in increased human-wildlife interactions from...
The Greater Etosha Landscape (GEL) in northern-central Namibia exemplifies global conservation challenges, especially those facing large conservation landscapes, such as South Africa’s Greater Kruger NP, Tanzania’s Serengeti NP, the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem in the USA and Ranthambhore NP in India. GEL comprises one of the world’s most renowned protected areas, the Etosha National Park, surrounded by a diverse matrix of land tenures and land uses, which translate into different management approaches and challenges faced by both carnivores and their human neighbours.
While large carnivore research has a long history in the Etosha landscape, changing land uses and increasing human-wildlife conflict require a detailed understanding of the drivers of carnivore fitness. The major goal of the project is to arrive at a clear understanding of the factors that drive carnivore numbers and their distribution. Particular attention will be paid to the following questions:
1) How important is disease in limiting carnivores in the GEL?
2) How can humans coexist with carnivores?
3) How do animals living at low density communicate over long distance?
4) How do waterholes shape animal ecology in this semi-arid environment?
How these factors interact has received little attention and remains poorly understood. Considering increasing human pressures on land resources and the accelerating impacts of a changing climate, we can expect these factors and their interactions to become more important and complex.
Etosha National Park and a 40km buffer around it
Ongoing since 2021
Werner Kilian & Claudine Cloete, Etosha Ecological Institute
Marthin Kasaona, Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Tourism, Namibia
Bettina Watcher, Jörg Melzheimer & Rubén Portas, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Germany
Ortwin Aschenborn & Mark Jago, University of Namibia, Veterinary School
Tammy Hoth, Namibian Lion Trust
James Beasley & Dipanjan Naha, University of Georgia, USA
Marion Valeix, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive CNRS, France
Simon Chamaillé-James, Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive CNRS, France
Matt Hayward, University of Newcastle, Australia
Miha Krofel, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Kenneth Uiseb & Uakendisa Muzuma, Directorate of Scientific Services of the Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Tourism, Namibia